Flexibility and Autonomy: French Charity Tackles Social Dimension of Covid Crisis
In normal times, the Abbe Pierre Foundation focuses on providing safe, long-term housing for the most vulnerable. In the extraordinary times of Covid-19, it took on a significant new role. Food pantries had closed under the national shutdowns in France, and within weeks of these closures, the number of French citizens needing food assistance had risen by almost 63%. The Abbe Pierre Foundation responded swiftly, aided by its local partners and supported by the generosity of not only the French people, but also by their friends based abroad.Download PDF
Abbe Pierre, a Catholic priest born in 1912, is nothing short of a national hero in France – a symbol of the struggle against poverty. A resistance fighter during World War II, the French priest turned his skills toward helping the most vulnerable in the city of Paris after the war.
This quickly led him to create Emmaus, a nonprofit organization that draws its name from a biblical story about the restoration of hope. Emmaus supports homeless individuals in finding both housing and meaningful work. It is now an international movement with partner branches serving people in over 30 countries, helping the homeless to not only survive, but also thrive as full-fledged members of society.
Abbe Pierre later served as a Member of the French Parliament, where he continued his advocacy for decent housing for all.
In 1988, the Abbe Pierre Foundation was established to pursue adequate solutions to the housing needs. “In remaining faithful to the life and work of Abbe Pierre, we continue to take action on behalf of the poorest among us,” declared Laurent Desmard, chairman of the Abbe Pierre Foundation.
Roofs, Repairs and Guidance
Aurore Soidet, in charge of partnerships at the Abbe Pierre Foundation, explains its work. “The particular focus of the Foundation is that people gain unconditional access to permanent, decent housing.” A unique organization in France, it functions independently of most government funds. Indeed, 96% of its revenue comes from private donations.
The Abbe Pierre Foundation is active throughout France, working in tandem with a network of more than 500 nonprofit local partners. The Foundation provides them with financial and mentoring support, enabling them to develop and implement programs benefiting homeless and vulnerable individuals. These programs fulfill three priority areas – building and rehabilitating energy-efficient dwellings; refurbishing substandard housing; running drop-in centers which provide showers, laundry facilities, a warm meal and personalized guidance; and other needed services. “All of that adds up to over 850 projects a year,” explains Soidet.
Given its expertise and reach throughout France, the Foundation has an important fourth area of focus – advocacy and communication. Specifically, it provides crucial information about the country’s housing issues to the French government and members of the public. Every year the Foundation produces a national evaluation of homelessness and housing shortages in France.
The Kitchen is Closed
Known as a country with a strong safety net of programs and government supports, in addition to vibrant charitable institutions such as Emmaus and the Abbe Pierre Foundation, one might think that France would not face a hunger crisis in the modern era.
Yet within two months of the Covid shutdowns, many in France were facing a significant shortage of food. The closing of schools removed access to government-funded school meals.
To feed their children, families across the country suddenly needed help, and those seeking food from pantries rose from 5 million to 8 million people. They turned to what the French call “communal kitchens” – food pantries – but found out that many had closed.
Rising to the Occasion
Faced with these rising numbers, Abbe Pierre Foundation and its local partners sprang into action. “By the end of March 2020, the Abbe Pierre Foundation had established an Emergency Fund to address the food crisis – an effort that would be run in parallel to our traditional housing-related activities,” explains Soidet.
Because of the trust and esteem in which the French public holds the Abbe Pierre Foundation, two calls for emergency funds triggered an unprecedented response. Hearing the need, supporters based abroad also contributed, including Americans and U.S. corporations, who donated via the newly established ‘Friends of Abbe Pierre Foundation’, run by the King Baudouin Foundation United States (KBFUS). All told, the Foundation raised 7 million Euros – roughly $8.2 million.
Raising the funds launched the effort. Once the donations became available, the Abbe Pierre Foundation quickly moved to identify and reach families who were struggling to put food on the table. “These were people from all walks of life – people with low income who lost their job, small business owners who no longer had any activity, people who worked ‘under the table,’ including some who had previously moved out of homelessness,” says Soidet.
There was an unexpected population that especially needed the Abbe Pierre Foundation – young adults. Soidet explains, “In France there is a gap between the end of school at 18 and the age of 26, when public assistance becomes available. Young people 25 and under don’t qualify for social programs, and if they did not have family support, they were in trouble when their work shut down due to the Covid crisis.” These young people could now turn to the Emergency Fund to feed themselves.
Flexibility and Autonomy
Despite this unprecedented social crisis, the Abbe Pierre Foundation deftly added staff to ramp up and launched a system of vouchers for basic necessities for those in need. Distributed by its local partners, these vouchers could be used in stores to purchase food, hygiene products, diapers and baby formula.
More than 36,000 households benefited from the service voucher aid. By February 2021, the Foundation had distributed the full 7 million Euros to feed vulnerable populations throughout the country, and nearly 390,000 people benefited from the Emergency Fund.
“The values of flexibility and autonomy, which are built into the very structure of the Abbe Pierre Foundation, have proven critical,” says Soidet. “Our financial independence and the deep connection we have with our donor base allowed use to rise to the challenges of this crisis.”
Not Such a Surprise
“This is a health crisis turned into a social crisis,” observes Soidet. “What came as a shock to the general public did not, unfortunately, take us by surprise. We are well aware of the vulnerabilities in French society, and we have known for years that many have been living just above the poverty line.”
Soidet goes on, “What we are witnessing is a situation that has long been present, but which the health crisis has accentuated – the Covid shutdowns made it to come into view. It is clear to us that those who are riding the edge of poverty can very easily fall into the abyss.”
Standing by Our Side
With a groundswell of support in France and from the U.S., the Foundation needed flexible tools to translate support into donations. “KBFUS gave us a very important, even crucial, window into the United States, which allowed us to centralize our American fundraising efforts and provide a tax deduction to our patrons in the United States,” says Soidet. “KBFUS was quick to step up, and the funds were transferred seamlessly, which is essential in a time of crisis.”